《海關AEO認證者指南》the Customs AEO Validator Guide——首次AEO認證通關攻略

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導讀:

南京AEO認證通關攻略
The SAFE Framework of Standards (FoS) incorporates the AEO concept (Authorized Economic Operator) and provides baseline technical guidance for the implementation of AEO programmes at global level between WCO Members and the international trade community. It is designed to serve as a starting point for national AEO programme implementation and supports the effective application of the standards and information that are outlined in Pillar II (Customs-to-Business Partnerships) and in Annex IV of the SAFE Framework.
貿易安全和便利標準框架(FoS)納入了AEO (經認證的經營者) 概念,并為WCO成員國和國際貿易團體在全球層面實施AEO計劃提供了基本技術指導。它的目的是作為國家AEO計劃執行的起點,并支持有效應用第二支柱(海關到商界的伙伴關系)和貿易安全與便利標準框架附件四中概述的標準和信息。
 
The concept is strongly based on the partnership of customs with the economic operator. This implies that the relationship between customs and AEO should be always based on the principles of mutual transparency, correctness, fairness and responsibility and mutual  respect for each other’s roles and responsibilities in this regard. Customs expects the AEO to act in line with customs legislation and to inform customs about any difficulties to comply with the legislation. Customs should provide support to achieve this.
這一概念牢固建立在海關與經濟運營商的伙伴關系之上。這意味著海關與AEO之間的關系應始終建立在相互透明,準確,公平和負責的基礎之上,并相互尊重彼此在這方面的作用和責任。海關希望AEO按照海關立法行事,并告知海關有關遵守法律的任何困難。海關應為此提供支持。
 
AEO status is granted to an economic operator that satisfies criteria such as Customs compliance, management of commercial records, financial solvency and appropriate security and safety standards.
AEO身份被授予滿足海關法律法規,商業記錄管理良好,財務償付能力穩健以及具有適當的保安和安全準則等標準的經營者。
 
AEO validation and the role of an AEO validator therein, is paramount for the AEO concept. The AEO validation procedure, including re-assessmentre-validation and/or monitoring processes is risk based (see also 4 and 5.2.).
 AEO認證和AEO認證程序的作用對于AEO概念是至關重要的。 AEO認證程序,包括重新評估,重新認證和/或監測過程是基于風險的(參見4和5.2)。
 
The aim of the validation procedure is to verify that the applicant meets, and the AEO continues to meet, the requirements of its scope of authorization. The economic operator that receives an AEO authorization is considered a trusted economic operator for Customs (and, where applicable, for other partner government agencies also), and receives operational benefits. Furthermore by relying on the compliance of the AEO, Customs improve their risk management as well and can use their resources better.
認證程序的目的是驗證申請人是否符合并且持續符合AEO授權范圍的要求。獲得AEO授權的經營者是被海關承認的(并且也適用于其他合作的政府機構)的可靠經營者,并獲得運營利益。此外,海關依靠AEO的合規性,也可以改善風險管理,并且更好地利用資源。
 
This AEO Validator Guide will provide a set of competencies for the long-term application of the AEO process. These core competencies form a “baseline” that should be followed by all parties engaged in this effort.
此AEO認證指南將為AEO過程的長期應用提供一系列權限。 這些核心權限形成了一個“基線”,參與這項工作的所有各方都應遵循這一基準。

The aims of this Guide 目的

The Guide is intended as an aid for administrations in the  organization and carrying out of Customs AEO validationcontrols. The specific aims are to:
本指南旨在幫助相關組織中的主管部門和實施海關AEO認證控制。 具體目標是:
 
create a set of competencies to give the assurance of the competence of Customs validators;
建立一系列權限來保證海關認證人員的能力

set out essential elements needed to carry out an AEO validation;
列出實施AEO認證所需的基本要素

provide practical guidance to assist AEO validators in carrying out AEO validation in a standardised manner by sharing techniques and expertise
協助AEO認證人員通過共享技術和專業知識,以標準化方式為AEO認證人員提供實用指導

promote a common approach to Customs AEO validation and apply working methods suited to the national, regional and international context.
推動一個海關AEO認證的通用方法,及適用于不同國家、區域和國際背景的工作方法。

facilitates the efficiency of mutual recognition negotiations and implementations processes.
促進互認談判和實施過程的效率
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